Extract from BMJ Best Practice
Measles is an epidemic disease prevalent worldwide whose incidence has been curtailed markedly in countries where immunisation is widespread. It is characterised by cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, a characteristic exanthem, and a pathognomonic enanthem (Koplik spots). Measles is preventable by immunisation, but high levels of coverage are required to prevent outbreaks of disease. Treatment is primarily supportive, and complications of measles are more common in immunocompromised and poorly nourished individuals and include pneumonia, laryngotracheitis, otitis media, and encephalitis.
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