UK death rates in children’s heart surgery have almost halved over past decade

More children survived for at least 30 days after heart surgery at the end of the past decade than at the start, an analysis has found. The death rate fell from 4.3% to 2.6% of cases.

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The findings have prompted the researchers to call for a shift away from scrutinising short term survival to looking at the longer term effects of heart surgery in children, such as measures of ill health and the effect on functional capacity.

Physical therapy is as effective as surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis, study finds

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Surgical decompression treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis is no better than physical therapy in improving symptoms and function, a randomised controlled trial has shown.

The study was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, and showed that both groups of patients began to show improvement at 10 weeks and continued to improve through 26 weeks.