Stand during working day to prevent health risks of sedentary jobs, says guidance

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People whose jobs are predominantly desk based should be encouraged to stand up and walk about for at least two hours during each working day, says the first UK guidance developed to reduce the health risks of prolonged sitting at work.

Growing evidence has shown links between a sedentary lifestyle and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers. To help reduce this risk Public Health England and a UK community interest company, Active Working, asked an international group of experts in the field to review the available evidence and develop guidelines for employers to promote avoidance of prolonged periods of sedentary work

Experts plan to recommend immediate antiretroviral therapy for people with HIV

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Experts look set to recommend that people with HIV should receive immediate antiretroviral treatment on diagnosis, as early results of a global trial show that doing so means a notably lower risk of developing AIDS or other serious illnesses.

Results from a large randomised clinical trial, expected to finish at the end of next year, were published early on 27 May from the Strategic Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment (START) study

Smoking ban cuts admissions for child respiratory infections

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Banning smoking in public places has cut hospital admissions for childhood respiratory infections in England by 11 000 a year, new research has estimated.

Researchers from the United Kingdom and the Netherlands said that evidence has shown that smoke-free public environments will benefit children’s health but that the exact effect on respiratory tract infections is unclear.