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Children admitted to hospital with severe asthma attacks generally receive “very effective and efficient” treatment and care, but more attention must be given to asthma education and review at discharge to help prevent future attacks and readmission, says a national audit by the British Thoracic Society.
The society’s National Paediatric Asthma Audit, published on 29 November, reviewed data on more than 5500 children over the age of 1 admitted with severe asthma attacks to 153 UK hospitals in November 2015 and found that most aspects of discharge from hospital were less than optimal.
This month in Eyes on Evidence
E-cigarette awareness and use to quit smoking
A survey suggests that awareness and use of e-cigarettes has increased over the past few years, but a randomised controlled trial indicates that the products are only modestly effective at helping people to quit smoking.
Beta-2 agonists and exercise-induced asthma
A Cochrane review has assessed the effects of short and long-acting beta-2 agonists for the prevention of exercise-induced asthma in adults and children; the majority of included studies assessed the effect of a single dose of a beta-2 agonist. The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency has previously issued advice recommending that long-acting beta-2 agonists should not be prescribed for the relief of exercise-induced asthma symptoms in the absence of regular inhaled corticosteroids.
Blood pressure control with home telemonitoring and pharmacist management
A US-based cluster randomised trial indicates that home telemonitoring with pharmacist medication management provides better blood pressure control than usual primary care, even once telemonitoring has finished.
Risk factors for congenital abnormalities
A prospective study of a UK multi-ethnic birth cohort suggests that consanguinity is a major risk factor for congenital abnormalities, in particular in children of parents of Pakistani origin.
Antidepressant use late in pregnancy and risk of postpartum haemorrhage
A cohort study of women with low income in the USA suggests that use of antidepressants near delivery is associated with an increased risk of postpartum haemorrhage.
CT scans in childhood or adolescence and risk of cancer
A population-based cohort study in Australia suggests that people who undergo CT scans in childhood or adolescence are at increased risk of developing solid, lymphoid and haematopoietic cancers.
NICE has recently published an Evidence Update on:
Alcohol-use disorders: preventing harmful drinking
Issue: 80 of the AQuA Bulletin is exclusively available on the AQuA Portal (click here to log on and download).
AQuA aims to bring a mixture of tools and publications aimed at improving healthcare services, providing links to more information and resources, highlighting areas for action and participation.
In the current issue:
- Reducing harm to patients
- Updated Asthma IOP launched
- BMJ Quality & Safety: a collection of key articles
- Horizon Scanning A new settlement for health and social care
- Safer Care – New drive to end deliberate face-down restraint
- Patient Experience – Right to ‘ask’ for personal health budgets begins
- Innovation – Mental health teams in police stations and courts scheme goes live
- Patient Experience -Hospital stays improving, finds CQC
- Innovation -Guidance for unplanned admissions enhanced services
- Horizon Scanning – Clinical commissioning groups one year on.
- Safer Care – Professionals divided over hip fracture care
- Public Health – CMO annual report published on state of the public’s
- Prevention – NICE recommends tests to help diagnose and manage asthma
- Horizon Scanning – Update on rising scarlet fever numbers across England
- Data & Intelligence – Data round up…
This week’s case study from BMJ Learning involves a 57 year old man who presents with a one year history of persistent halitosis. He is a heavy smoker and eats spiced foods only occasionally. He drinks one pint of beer per night. How would you advise him? And what would you do? To find out the answers, then click on the link to complete this module today.
Halitosis: a guide to diagnosis and management
And here are our most popular modules in respiratory medicine for you to complete.
Chronic cough: a guide to assessment and management
Anaphylaxis: an update on management
Occupational asthma: evidence based diagnosis and management
Chronic severe asthma: a guide to diagnosis and management
Childhood asthma: diagnosis and treatment
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