Piece of string can assess cardiovascular risk, study finds

Measuring a person’s waist with a piece of string is a better predictor of cardiovascular risk than using body mass index (BMI) alone, researchers have said.

A study published at the European Congress on Obesity in Prague this week supported the finding that a person was at lower cardiovascular risk if they kept their waist measurement to less than half their height measurement.

Aumeer, R: Obesity Reviews, May 2011

Audit on body mass index in pregnancy
Citation: Obesity Reviews, May 2011, vol./is. 12/(199), 1467-7881 (May 2011)
Author(s): Aumeer R.
Introduction and background: Obesity during pregnancy is a risk factor for many adverse outcomes such as stillbirth, macrosomia, and gestational diabetes, among others.
Objective: To assess the quality of care and management of obese pregnant women at Dudley Hospital, United Kingdom.
Design: A retrospective audit study.
Setting: Dudley Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Standards and criteria: All pregnant women should have their body mass index (BMI) measured and recorded at their first prenatal visit. All pregnant women with BMI > 30 should have postprandial blood tests at 20 weeks and 26 weeks to screen for diabetes. All pregnant women should receive advice about sensible diet and exercise, which should be documented in their medical notes.
Methods: Medical records for all patients with delivery dates between December 2008 and January 2009 were audited post delivery.
Participants: Pregnant women (N = 91).
Results: BMI is recorded for 98% of patients. Over a quarter of women with BMI > 30 did not have postprandial blood tests at 20 and 26 weeks.
Conclusion: BMI is calculated and recorded for most patients, but uptake of postprandial blood tests is suboptimal in patients with BMI > 30.
Recommendations: To add a section on obesity in the maternity notes.
Institution: (Aumeer) East Cheshire NHS Trust, Macclesfield, United Kingdom