Donnelly TD; Macfarlane RJ; Nagy MT; Ralte P; Waseem M; The Open Orthopaedics Journal 2013

Fractures of the clavicle: an overview.

Citation: The open orthopaedics journal, 2013, vol./is. 7/(329-33), 1874-3250 (2013)
Author(s):  Donnelly TD; Macfarlane RJ; Nagy MT; Ralte P; Waseem M

Abstract: Fractures of the clavicle are a common injury and most often occur in younger individuals. For the most part, they have been historically treated conservatively with acceptable results. However, over recent years, more and more research is showing that operative treatment may decrease the rates of fracture complications and increase functional outcomes. This article first describes the classification of clavicle fractures and then reviews the literature over the past decades to form a conclusion regarding the
appropriate management. A thorough literature review was performed on assessment of fractures of the clavicle, their classification and the outcomes following conservative treatment. Further literature was gathered regarding the surgical treatment of these fractures, including the methods of fixation and the surgical approaches used. Both conservative and surgical treatments were then compared and contrasted. The majority of recent data suggests that operative treatment may be more appropriate as it improves
functional outcome and reduces the risk of complications such as non-union. This is particularly evident in mid shaft fractures, although more high grade evidence is needed to fully recommend this, especially regarding certain fractures of the medial and lateral clavicle.

Full Text: Available from National Library of Medicine, The  Open Orthopaedics Journal