News from NICE: Renewed vigilance of handwashing

infectionNHS must renew hygiene efforts to tackle ‘unacceptable and avoidable’ infection rates

Healthcare professionals should wash their hands before and after seeing every patient to help prevent the spread of infections such as MRSA and C difficile in the NHS. One in 16 people being treated on the NHS picks up an infection. As a result, more NHS resources are consumed and the affected patients are at increased risk.

See the latest NICE quality standard which contains six statements designed to reduce infection rates, including a statement recommending that patients should be looked after by healthcare workers who always clean their hands thoroughly, both immediately before and immediately after contact or care.

 

New Test to Predict Death Risk from C. difficile

Extract from University of Exeter

Accurate, robust and simple method of identification has potential benefits to patients, hospitals and health services around the world.

Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infection is one that can affect the digestive system and most commonly affects people staying in hospital.

It is not generally a problem for healthy people but may infect those on antibiotics with an imbalance of ‘good bacteria’ in the gut.

A research paper published today, 2nd August 2013, in BMC Infectious Diseases has for the first time identified a unique four-point test using easily measurable clinical variables which can be used to accurately predict the death risk to patients from C. diff. Accurate prediction means that those patients at risk can be managed accordingly by the clinical team.

NICE Evidence in focus: Clostridium Difficile

These articles are available to view through NICE Evidence at www.evidence.nhs.uk and will require your Athens details.   Full-text articles may be ordered through our inter-library loan service.  Please contact us on 01625 661362 or email ecn-tr.stafflibrary@nhs.net with your request.  

Understanding factors that impact on public and patient’s risk perceptions and responses toward Clostridium difficile and other health care-associated infections: A structured literature review.

Author(s) Burnett, Emma, Johnston, Bridget, Kearney, Nora, Corlett, Joanne, MacGillivray, Stephen
Citation: American Journal of Infection Control, 01 June 2013, vol./is. 41/6(542-548), 01966553
Publication Date: 01 June 2013
Source: CINAHL
Mortality in Clostridium difficile infection: a prospective analysis of risk predictors.

Author(s) Bloomfield, Maxim G, Carmichael, Andrew J, Gkrania-Klotsas, Effrossyni
Citation: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 01 June 2013, vol./is. 25/6(700-705), 0954691X
Publication Date: 01 June 2013
Source: CINAHL
The combined use of proton pump inhibitors and antibiotics as risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection.

Author(s) Kassavin, Daniel S., Pham, David, Pascarella, Linda, Yen-Hong, Kuo, Goldfarb, Michael A.
Citation: Healthcare Infection, 01 June 2013, vol./is. 18/2(76-79), 18355617
Publication Date: 01 June 2013
Source: CINAHL
Has Improved Hand Hygiene Compliance Reduced the Risk of Hospital-Acquired Infections among Hospitalized Patients in Ontario? Analysis of Publicly Reported Patient Safety Data from 2008 to 2011.

Author(s) DiDiodato, Giulio
Citation: Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 01 June 2013, vol./is. 34/6(605-610), 0899823X
Publication Date: 01 June 2013
Source: CINAHL
Clostridium difficile Infection in Children.

Author(s) Sammons, Julia Shaklee, Toltzis, Philip, Zaoutis, Theoklis E
Citation: JAMA Pediatrics, 01 June 2013, vol./is. 167/6(567-573), 21686203
Publication Date: 01 June 2013
Source: CINAHL