Assessment of chest pain in a low risk patient: is the exercise tolerance test obsolete?

The coronary artery calcium score has high sensitivity for detecting coronary stenosis—so a negative result makes significant coronary stenosis unlikely—but low specificity, and 60% of those without coronary artery disease will also have a positive result

 

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Thus many low risk patients may be diagnosed with coronary artery disease using the calcium score, although they may have clinically insignificant or “bystander” disease. These patients may benefit little from investigation and treatment and may be harmed

 

The exercise tolerance test is a quick, functional investigation that measures maximum exercise tolerance. In low risk patients who are likely to achieve a high workload the test can identify patients with high relative survival without the need for further imaging

New titles in the Health Technology Assessment Journal

17.11 Evaluation of mammographic surveillance services in women aged 40-49 years with a moderate family history of breast cancer: a single-arm cohort study  (Duffy)

17.10 The CRASH-2 trial: a randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation of the effects of tranexamic acid on death, vascular occlusive events and transfusion requirement in bleeding trauma patients  (Roberts)

17.09 A systematic review and economic evaluation of new-generation computed tomography scanners for imaging in coronary artery disease and congenital heart disease: Somatom Definition Flash, Aquilion ONE, Brilliance iCT and Discovery CT750 HD  (Westwood)

17.08 Adjunctive colposcopy technologies for examination of the uterine cervix – DySIS, LuViva Advanced Cervical Scan and Niris Imaging System: a systematic review and economic evaluation  (Wade)

17.07 Study of the use of antidepressants for depression in dementia: the HTA -SADD trial – a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of sertraline and mirtazapine  (Banerjee)