Oily fish intake reduces risk of diabetic retinopathy, study shows

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Older patients with type 2 diabetes who consume dietary omega 3 fatty acids equivalent to at least two weekly servings of oily fish have a significantly lower risk of sight threatening diabetic retinopathy than those who eat less, a prospective observational study has shown.1

Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of vision loss in older people. The pathogenesis is not fully understood, but inflammation, oxidative stress, and microvascular changes play important roles…

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New films showcase leading Type 2 diabetes programmes in US and England

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The USA and England have joined forces on two films for healthcare professionals to show how they are reducing the combined 90million people living in their countries collectively who are on-track to develop Type 2 diabetes.

Top experts from both sides of the Atlantic shared tactics to reduce the 86 million Americans and 5million people in England at increased risk of developing the disease which can cause blindness and amputation.

Diabetes prevention counseling is cost effective, US study finds

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Medicare, the US insurance program for elderly people and people with disabilities, announced plans on 23 March to cover diabetes prevention programs that focus on lifestyle counseling, after an independent evaluation found that a pilot program had successfully reduced participants’ risk of developing type 2 diabetes while creating savings that more than covered the program’s cost.

Earlier this week, NHS England announced that it was launching a national lifestyle education program to reduce the risk of diabetes, with a similar approach to that taken in the US. The initiative, called the Healthier You: the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme, will begin this year and will eventually enroll 100 000 participants a year by 2020.

Breast feeding may cut risk of diabetes in high risk women

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Women with gestational diabetes should be encouraged to breast feed exclusively for at least two months to reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes, say researchers.

A prospective cohort study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine found that breast feeding exclusively for two months halved the risk of diabetes in women with gestational diabetes.

Older patients with diabetes are often overtreated, say researchers

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Older patients with diabetes whose treatment had resulted in very low blood pressure or haemoglobin A1c levels rarely had their medicines reduced or withdrawn, a US study published in JAMA Internal Medicine has found.

The authors said that this represents a lost opportunity to reduce overtreatment among older people that can put them at risk of serious adverse events.

People who develop type 2 diabetes show increased antibiotic use before onset

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People who develop type 2 diabetes show increased use of antibiotics in the years before diagnosis than people who do not develop the condition, a Danish population based case-control study has shown.

The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, included all 170 504 people in Denmark who had newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes and were using glucose lowering agents for the first time from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2012

5 Million people at high risk of Diabetes Type 2

Public Health England (PHE) have just published a new report estimating figures for how many people over 16 in England have blood sugar levels in a range indicating a high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.   The report underlines the need to act on Type 2 diabetes, especially as it already results in 22,000 early deaths and costs the NHS £8.8billion every year.

The press release also has links to further information and the latest evidence report