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Older patients with type 2 diabetes who consume dietary omega 3 fatty acids equivalent to at least two weekly servings of oily fish have a significantly lower risk of sight threatening diabetic retinopathy than those who eat less, a prospective observational study has shown.1
Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of vision loss in older people. The pathogenesis is not fully understood, but inflammation, oxidative stress, and microvascular changes play important roles…
B Roisin, L Hayley, C Surendran – 2014
Endocrine Abstracts (2014) 36 P30 | DOI:10.1530/endoabs.36.P30
Introduction: Nearly all patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus develop diabetic retinopathy (DR) within 20 years of diagnosis. It is the second largest cause of blindness in those of working age in the UK. Several risk factors have been accepted by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists, including gender, duration of diabetes, glycaemic control, blood lipid profile, blood pressure, and renal impairment.
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