TRIP: Recently published Cardiology articles

The following systematic reviews have been recently published relating to cardiology:

HTA Bulletin: June 2013

Intermittent pneumatic compression reduces risk of deep vein thrombosis in stroke patients

Intermittent pneumatic compression is effective in reducing the risk of deep vein thrombosis in stroke patients, according to the findings of an HTA Programme study. [more…] Intermittent pneumatic compression is effective in reducing the risk of deep vein thrombosis in stroke patients, according to the findings of an HTA Programme study. [more…] 

Use of magnesium sulphate for managing severe asthma

HTA funded research published in The Lancet has found that magnesium sulphate is not effective at treating patients with severe acute asthma needing hospital admission. [more…]

Surgery provides better relief from chronic reflux than drugs

After five years, surgery continues to provide better relief from the symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease than medication and is likely to be cost-effective, concludes research funded by the HTA Programme. [more…]

 

Eyes on Evidence: August update

 Sleep apnoea may be an independent risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) but further research is required to confirm this.
Pharmacological thromboprophylaxis when used in addition to compression stockings does not reduce death rates, when compared with compression stockings alone. However, prophylaxis is still useful in reducing venous thromboembolism, unless there is a high risk of bleeding.

Risk of venous thromboembolism with non-oral hormonal contraception

An observational study suggests that women using the transdermal contraceptive patch or combined hormonal vaginal ring appear to have about twice the risk of venous thromboembolism compared with women using combined oral contraceptives containing levonorgestrel.

Dehydration in hospital-admitted stroke patients

Focusing on interventions to reduce the frequency and duration of dehydration have the potential to improve patient outcomes after stroke.

Long-term effects on renal function of tight glycaemic control in early type 1 diabetes

Long-term observational follow up of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial shows that early tight control of blood glucose is associated with a lower risk of impaired renal function, but could not a detect a difference in the risk of severe renal impairment or end stage disease.
Evidence Updates

In the past month NICE has published online via NHS Evidence an Evidence Update on nocturnal enuresis.