Children and young people can have a wide range of life limiting conditions and may sometimes live with such conditions for many years. This guideline recommends that end of life care be managed as a long term process that begins at the time of diagnosis of a life limiting condition and entails planning for the future. Sometimes it may begin before the child’s birth. It is part of the overall care of the child or young person and runs in parallel with other active treatments for the underlying condition itself. Finally, it includes those aspects related to the care of the dying.
Bereaved people in England rate the care provided by hospitals at the end of their relative’s life lower than that provided by hospices, care homes, and services in the community, show the results of a survey published by the Office for National Statistics.
Here are the latest topics for this month from NICE – Eyes on Evidence.
Adenotonsillectomy in children with obstructive sleep apnoea
A randomised controlled trial in the USA finds that adenotonsillectomy does not improve cognitive function in children with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, although it does have a beneficial effect on symptoms of sleep apnoea.
Ibuprofen compared with indometacin for patent ductus arteriosus
A Cochrane review reports that ibuprofen is as effective as indometacin for closure of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low-birthweight babies, and is associated with a lower risk of necrotising enterocolitis, reduced time on assisted ventilation and a lower risk of negative effects on renal function.
Gallbladder removal with or without bile duct imaging
A retrospective cohort study of US data raises caution about interpreting the benefits of using bile duct imaging during gallbladder removal.
Collaborative care for depression
A cluster randomised controlled trial in English general practices suggests that collaborative care delivered by mental health workers acting as care managers is more effective at reducing depression than usual care.
End-of-life preferences of people with terminal illness who live alone
An Australian cohort study finds that around half of people with terminal illness who live alone would prefer to die at home, but only a small proportion manage to do so.
NICE has recently published Evidence Updates on:
- Venous thromboembolic diseases -Interventions to reduce substance misuse among vulnerable young people
Eyes on Evidence helps contextualise important new evidence, highlighting areas that could signal a change in clinical practice. It does not constitute formal NICE guidance. The commentaries
included are the opinions of contributors and do not necessarily reflect the views of NICE.
The Spring 2014 issue of the free journal for nurses caring for dying people at home, in hospitals and care homes is now available online. This issue is mobile-friendly making it easier to read on your mobile device or tablet.
CLINICAL PRACTICE DEVELOPMENT
NURSING CASE REVIEW
This report sets out recommendations regarding the Liverpool Care Pathway and end of life care following an independent review of the LCP chaired by Baroness Julia Neuberger.
The recommendations include:
- unless there is a very good reason, a decision to withdraw or not to start a life-prolonging treatment should not be taken during any ‘out of hours’ period
- an urgent call for the Nursing and Midwifery Council to issue guidance on end of life care
- a new system-wide approach to improving the quality of care for the dying
The Summer 2013 issue of the free journal for nurses caring for dying people at home, in hospitals and care homes is now available online. This issue is mobile-friendly making it easier to read on your mobile device or tablet. Articles include:
CLINICAL PRACTICE DEVELOPMENT
- St Christopher’s Hospice Clinical Guidelines: Anticipatory end-of-life care medication for the symptoms of terminal restlessness, pain and excessive secretions in frail older people in care homes
The National End of Life Care Intelligence Network (NEoLCIN) has released the new version of its End of Life Care Quality Assessment (ELCQuA) tool, which is now structured around the NICE quality standard for end of life care for adults.
ELCQuA is a free, online self-assessment tool designed to support local service improvement and the commissioning of end of life care services. It can be used by any organisation caring for people at the end of life, across the health, social care, voluntary and private sectors. This includes commissioners, local authorities, acute hospitals, primary care, community, palliative care and ambulance services.
Read more about it by following the link at the top of this post.
Posted: 10 Dec 2012 12:00 AM PST
Source: Journal of Clinical Oncology
Purpose: To determine time trends and characteristics associated with opioid analgesic prescribing to patients with cancer who are approaching the end of life.
Patients and Methods: This population-based cohort study used data on 29,825 patients diagnosed with five common cancers – lung (34.2%), colorectal (19.9%), female breast (21.6%), prostate (19.1%) and head and neck (5.2%) – in the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database (GPRD) who died between 2000 and 2008. Opioid prescription rates in the last 3 months of life were described. Characteristics associated with opioid prescribing were investigated by using generalised estimation equation models. Results: In the last 3 months of life, 43.6% (95% CI, 43.0% to 44.2%) of patients received at least one prescription of opioids: morphine (33.4%; 95% CI, 32.8% to 33.9%), diamorphine (11.6%; 95% CI, 11.2% to 11.9%) and fentanyl family (10.2%; 95% CI, 9.8% to 10.5%). Over time, prescription rates …
An independent review is being launched into the Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP), following weeks of negative stories in the media. The… <<Read More>>
Find your 1%: helping GPs to support people to live and die well
This resource pack has been developed to be a practical tool to help GPs identify those patients who may be in their last year of life and talk to them about their preferences. It contains information on: identifying people at the end of life; having end of life care conversations; putting plans in place; managing and co-ordinating care; and space for GPs to include local information such as the telephone numbers of hospices, palliative care teams and pharmacies which stock palliative care drugs.
British Journal of Nursing, Vol. 21, Iss. 21, 22 Nov 2012, pp 1295
November is always a sad month for me -full of past but ever-present family bereavement and sadness. It always makes me dwell on dying and death from a personal and professional perspective and from both, I see the development of the Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) as a significant improvement in care.
The full-text of this article is available to download at www.internurse.com. An Athens account is required.
This report sets out the results of a study, commissioned by Marie Curie Cancer Care, examining the impact of the Marie Curie home-based nursing service on patient outcomes and hospital usage. It examines whether the home-based nursing service helps more people to die at home, reducing both hospital use and costs at the end of life.
Vol 2 Issue 1 of The End of Life Journal is now available free online from St Christopher’s Hospice
Our thanks to Dr Trevor Rimmer for bringing this to our attention. You may have already signed up to it but if not registration is needed, but it is free.
Nursing case review
National End of Life Care Programme update
- Achieving quality end-of-life care in the acute hospital setting: the new ‘How to’ guide
- Achieving quality end-of-life care within the prison population: new guidance
See End of Life Care Information website at: http://endoflifecareinformation.stchristophers.org.uk/
This national information standard specifies the core record content to support the provision of high-quality co-ordinated care at the end of life. The standard facilitates consistent recording of information by health and social care agencies and, with the consent of the individual, supports safe and effective management and sharing of information.
Quality standard for end of life care for adults
This quality standard includes 15 statements for the care of adults (18 years and older) with advanced, progressive, or incurable conditions who are approaching the end of their life and are expected to die within the next 12 months. The end of life definition also includes adults with existing conditions who are at risk of dying from a sudden, acute crisis in their condition, or those with life-threatening acute conditions caused by sudden catastrophic events. It also covers support for the families and carers of such people.
There are a number of online resources available to help the NHS and social care workforce in their work with people suffering from long term conditions.
Please note you will need to register with the site provider to access these toolkits.
Care planning e-learning toolkit: A 90 minutes introduction in 3 modules to personalised care planning – what it is, how it can benefit patients and staff and the skills, approaches and behaviours needed for effective delivery. The tool also uses case studies to illustrate and has a separate workbook. It concludes with a learning assessment.
Self care e-learning toolkit: These three short modules are designed as an introduction to supporting people with long term conditions to self care. By the end of the learning, healthcare professionals will be able to understand their role in supporting people to self care, and the types of support that help people manage their condition and make informed choices about their health and care.
Information prescriptions e-learning toolkit: A 90 minute introduction to Information Prescriptions, and how they support people with LTCs to manage their condition. The 4 modules focus in the skills and competencies needed to asses and respond to individual patients’ needs for information through an information prescription.
End of life care e-learning toolkit: Aims to enhance the training and education of all those involved in delivering end of life care to people, so that well-informed high quality care can be delivered by confident and competent staff and volunteers, across health and social care.
Extract from Dept of Health