Listening to music helps reduce pain and anxiety after surgery, review shows

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Listening to music before, during, or after surgery notably decreases patients’ pain and anxiety and reduces their use of analgesic drugs, a review published in the Lancet has shown

Use of music has a long history of improving patients’ experience of being in hospital, and studies have shown positive effects on postoperative recovery. But no comprehensive review has previously studied its use in different types of surgery and at different stages of procedures

Ahsan Akhtar*, Robert J. MacFarlane and Mohammad Waseem; The Open Orthopaedics Journal, 2013

Pre-Operative Assessment and Post-Operative Care in Elective Shoulder
Surgery
The Open Orthopaedics Journal, 2013, 7, (Suppl 3: M4) 316-322
East Cheshire NHS Trust, Victoria Rd, Macclesfield, SK10 3BL, UK

Abstract: Pre-operative assessment is required prior to the majority of elective surgical procedures, primarily to ensure that the patient is fit to undergo surgery, whilst identifying issues that may need to be dealt with by the surgical or anaesthetic teams. The post-operative management of elective surgical patients begins during the peri-operative period and involves several health professionals. Appropriate monitoring and repeated clinical assessments are required in order for the signs of surgical complications to be recognised swiftly and adequately.

This article examines the literature regarding pre-operative assessment in elective orthopaedic surgery and shoulder surgery, whilst also reviewing the essentials of peri- and post-operative care. The need to recognise common postoperative complications early and promptly is also evaluated, along with discussing thromboprophylaxis and postoperative analgesia following shoulder surgery.